National Drought Monitoring Centre, Islamabad

Pakistan Meteorological Department

Objectives

National Drought Monitoring Centre is serving the nation keeping in view the following major objectives.

  • Serve as a hub for the collection, consolidation and analysis of drought related data from all possible sources in the country.
  • Prepare and issue monthly drought bulletins & moisture stresses in different regions of country based on various indices.
  • Advising government agencies on drought related matters including drought declaration.
  • Conduct research in drought related issues and develop statistical models for improved drought prediction.

Methodology

Drought advisories are prepared using:

  • SPI calculated from point rainfall data
  • Water availability in reservoirs
  • Soil Moisture data
  • Field reports

Drought Monitor

Drought monitors are prepared using:

  • SPI calculated from point rainfall data
  • NDVI from remote sensing
  • Water availability in reservoirs
  • Soil Moisture data
  • Field reports
  • Sub-surface water situation